The real answer: essentially there is no difference between a veterinary hospital and a veterinary clinic. It is all about personal preference when the owner designs the building and decides on a name for the clinic.
When it comes to differences between veterinary facilities, it comes down to the area of focus or specialty.
Areas of focus includes:
- Small animal, primarily dogs and cats
- Large animal
- Exotics, including pocket pets/reptiles/birds
- Specialty clinics (typically these include board certified veterinarians w/ one area of focus – such as a dermatologist)
- Emergency hospitals